Highlights of Armenia
Discover the most famous sites of interest of Armenia in 5 days. Full package of adventure.
- Khor Virap Monastery (7th century)
- Areni Village
- Areni Wine factory - guided tour and wine degustation
- Areni 1 Cave
- Noravank Monastery Complex (13th century)
Day by day
Arrival to Yerevan. Transfer and check-in to your hotel. Welcome in the restaurant. Overnight in the hotel.
Breakfast in the hotel. Visit all major sights including Mother Armenia, Matenadaran, Cascade Complex, Baghramyan Ave, Armenian Genocide Musuem, ArArAt Brandy Company. Later take a tour to religious centre of all Armenians, Echmiadzin. Lunch in the local restaurant. Visit Mother Cathedral, St. Hripsime Church and the ruins of Zvartnots temple. Ovenight in the hotel.
Breakfast in the hotel. Take tour to the only survived Armenian pagan temple of Garni. Photo stop near The Arche of Charents where one can enjoy the beautiful view of mount Ararat. Enjoy the master class of traditional baking ceremony of Armenian bread lavash (upon request). Later continue to medieval Geghard monastery complex (UNESCO), carved in the rock. The last destination is Lake Sevan and Sevanavank monastery located on the peninsula of the lake. Lunch in the local restaurant. Overnight in the hotel.
Breakfast in the hotel. Driving to explore the most amazing attractions in the south of Armenia. Visit Khor Virap – medieval monastery and the greatest place for embracing the most picturesque views of the mountain Ararat. Next stop it the village of Areni, one of the oldest settlements in Armenia and famous for its wines. Wine tasting in the local wine factory. Enjoy your lunch at the local restaurant. Later we visit Noravank – medieval monastery complex (13th century). Red rocks surrounding the monastery create a special mystical atmosphere. The last stop will be the ancient cave called “Birds Cave” or Areni 1 where the oldest leather in the world and not only was found. Return to Yerevan. Goodbye dinner in the restaurant.
Overnight in the hotel.
Breakfast in the hotel. Free time. Day of departure.
- Terms of
- Terms of
- Transportation on comfortable vehicle with air conditioner
- Professional English/Russian speaking guide/driver
- Entrance fees to museums and other historical sites
- Hotel 3***, 4**** or 5***** on H/B base
- Lunches and breakfasts as in program
- All excursions as in program
- Wine degustation in Areni
- Additional meal program and spirited drinks
- Traditional Lavash baking ceremony
In order to participate in the tours, it is necessary to purchase the reserved tickets at least 24 hours prior to the beginning of the tour. Otherwise, the reservations can be cancelled by the Agent without prior notice.
Make a reservation upon request via email or pay via our online payment system.
|Cancellation made within:||Refund policy|
|4 Days Prior to Departure Date||20% of payment is refunded|
|3 Days Prior to Departure Date||30% of payment is refunded|
|2 Days Prior to Departure Date||50% of payment is refunded|
|1 Days Prior to Departure Date||non-refundable|
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Republic of Armenia
Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, tr. Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun), is a sovereign state in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Armenia is landlocked in the South Caucasus. Located between the Black and Caspian Seas, Armenia is bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan, and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey.
- Capital and largest city Yerevan
- Flag Դրոշ Coat of arms Զինանշան
- Anthem: Մեր Հայրենիք Mer Hayrenik "Our Fatherland"
- Time zone UTC (UTC+4)
- Drives on the right
- Calling code +374
- Patron saint St. Gregory
- ISO 3166 code AM
- Internet TLD .am .հայ
Access to Armenia
Air access to Armenia is through the country’s two international airports at Zvartnots, 15 KM outside of Yerevan, and Shirak in Gyumri. The recently opened new terminal in Yerevan meets all European and International standards. Various national and foreign carriers operate flights to Yerevan and Gyumri and include Aeroflot, AlItalia, Air France, Austrian Airlines and Czech Airlines. Yerevan has direct air connection with Beirut, Dubai, Istanbul, Kiev, Rome, Moscow, Paris, Prague, St. Petersburg, Tehran, Vienna, etc. Overland road routes connect Armenia with each of its neighbors; however, those through Azerbaijan and Turkey remain closed owing to the ongoing blockade of Armenia by these countries. Two routes remain open through Georgia providing access to the Black Sea ports of Batumi and Poti, as well as one route through Iran to the Persian Gulf. The road network is relatively well developed with over 98% of interstate roads paved. Rail links through Turkey and Azerbaijan are closed. Routes through Georgia and Iran remain open.
Visa Policy of Armenia
Armenia allows citizens of specific countries and territories to visit Armenia for tourism or business purposes without having to obtain a visa or allows them to obtain a visa on arrival or online. For some countries the visa requirement waiver is practiced on ad hoc basis, and is not formalized by a bilateral agreement.
All visitors to Armenia must hold a valid passport and entry visa. Passports and passport replacing documents must be valid at all times regardless of visa status. Noncompliance with the entry regulations may result in deportation of the passenger and fines for the transporting airlines. Transit visas are issued for a maximum of three days at AMD 10.000. A 21-day tourist visa can be issued upon arrival at AMD 3.000. For more information about visa policy visit VISA section in http://mfa.am/en/visa/
Official language of RA
Spoken and written language is Eastern Armenian
Official script - Armenian alphabet
Eastern Armenian is the official language of the country and considered the native language by 96% of the population. It is distinct within the Indo-European family of languages and has its own unique script re-created in the fifth century AD by Mesrop Mashtots. Ancient Armenian is thought to have originated from Sanskrit and Zend. English poet Byron was one of the few Westerns to master the Armenian language and to compile an English-Armenian dictionary. According to a 2013 survey, 95% of Armenians said they had some knowledge of Russian (24% advanced, 59% intermediate) compared to 40% who said they knew some English (4% advanced, 16% intermediate and 20% beginner). However, more adults (50%) think that English should be taught in public secondary schools than those who prefer Russian (44%). Аlthough, as a consequence of Armenia’s integration into the world economy, the use of English, French and German is on the rise. Western Armenian is also spoken.
Ethnic Armenians make up 97.9% of the population. Yazidis make up 1.3%, and Russians 0.5%. Other minorities include Assyrians, Ukrainians, Pontic Greeks (here usually called Caucasus Greeks), Kurds, Georgians, and Belarusians. There are also smaller communities of Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats. Minorities of Poles and Caucasus Germans also exist though they are heavily Russified.
During the Soviet era, Azerbaijanis were historically the second largest population in the country (forming about 2.5% in 1989). However, due to the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, virtually all of them emigrated from Armenia to Azerbaijan. Conversely, Armenia received a large influx of Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan, thus giving Armenia a more homogeneous character.
Total 29,743 km2 (141st) 11,484 sq mi, Water (%) 4.71
Armenia is in the southwestern part of the Caucasus, south of Georgia, West of Azerbaijan, North of Iran and East of Turkey. Armenia’s territory is 29,800 sq. km (11,490 sq. miles) comparable with the territory of Belgium. It is a mountainous, land locked country in Southwestern Asia. Most of Armenia’s territory ranges from 1000 to 2500 meters above sea level. Highest point: Mt. Aragats, 13,419 ft (4,090 m); lowest point: along Debed River, 1,280 ft (390 m). The greatest extent is 360 km. Arable land accounts for 17% of land use; forested 12%; meadows and pastures 30%; arid land 18%, with the balance being mountainous terrain.
Population and Diaspora
The population of Armenia is about 3.216 million. The capital Yerevan is home for 1.250 million people. Density is 325/sq. miles (126/sq. km), 68% of the population is urban and consists of the following ethnic groups: Armenian 95%, Russian 2%, others (Kurdish, Yesdi, Jewish, Assyrian, Greeks, Ouds, Gypsy). Life expectancy is 75 for females, 68 for males. The literacy rate is 98%. Armenians are among Europe’s oldest and most distinct ethnic groups, having inhabited the area east and south of the Black Sea since the seventh century BC. Both the Armenian alphabet and the Armenian Church date back to the fourth century and remain substantially unchanged today.
Christianity (Armenian Apostolic Church)
Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion, an event traditionally dated to AD 301. In 2001 Armenia celebrated the 1700th anniversary of adoption of Christianity as a state religion. Freedom of conscience is guaranteed by the constitution and, in general, Armenians are very tolerant of people of other faiths.
The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity. The roots of the Armenian Church go back to the 1st century. According to tradition, the Armenian Church was founded by two of Jesus' twelve apostles – Thaddaeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD 40–60. Because of these two founding apostles, the official name of the Armenian Church is Armenian Apostolic Church.
Over 93% of Armenian Christians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a form of Oriental (Non-Chalcedonian) Orthodoxy, which is a very ritualistic, conservative church, roughly comparable to the Coptic and Syriac churches. The Armenian Apostolic Church is in communion only with a group of churches within Oriental Orthodoxy.
The Armenian Evangelical Church has a very sizable and favorable presence among the life of Armenians with over several thousand members throughout the country. It traces its roots back to 1846 which was under patronage of the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople the aim of which was to train qualified clergy for the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Governmental type is unitary semi-presidential republic
• President Serzh Sargsyan
• Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan
Armenia is a Parliamentary Republican state. The president is elected in national elections to serve a five-year term. Executive power is exercised through a cabinet made up of the prime minister and other ministers. The current president is Serge Sargsyan who was elected in 2013. According to the constitution, legislative power is exercised through the National Assembly, a 131-member body elected to serve a four-year term. Armenia is divided into 11 regions (marz), with Yerevan considered as one independent region. The president is responsible for guaranteeing the independence of the judicial system, which is made up of three levels of general competence courts - primary courts, review courts and the Court of Appeal. The Constitutional Court decides whether the decisions of the National Assembly, President and Government are constitutional.
Currency Dram (դր.) (AMD)
The national currency is Dram (ISO code - AMD, 1 US$ ~ 500 AMD). Currency exchange offices can be found at hotels and various places in Yerevan. Notes are issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1.000, 5.000, 20.000, 50.000 and 100.000 drams. The US dollar and Euro as well as other currencies can be exchanged freely at local banks and licensed money exchange offices. The recent legislation limits the advertising of prices in foreign currencies but only in Armenian Drams. There are no exchange controls on either local or foreign currency and currency may be freely remitted. Physical cash in excess of the equivalent of US$10,000 requires a document that attests to it having been obtained by legal means. Remittances are not restricted. Traveler’s checks may be obtained and cashed in a number of local banks. The credit card market is getting developed widely in Yerevan. Visa, MasterCard and Maestro are widely accepted as a form of payment.
Import. Free import of 400 cigarettes; 2 liters or 1 bottle of alcohol (regardless of how many liters contained); 5 kg perfume or an amount valued up to USD 300; personal goods valued up to USD 300 (for residents and non-residents). The Customs Declaration filled out on arrival must be retained by the passenger. Military arms and ammunition, narcotics, pornographic materials, fruits and vegetables without proper documents are prohibited. Live animals must be accompanied by a veterinarian health certificate. Export. Free export of 2,000 cigarettes; 20 liters of alcohol. The Customs Declaration filled out on arrival must be presented. Military arms and ammunition, narcotics, pornographic materials, fruits and vegetables without proper documents are prohibited. Pieces of art older than 50 years should be accompanied by a document from the Ministry of Culture authorizing export.
Climate of Armenia
Особенности географического положения и большие перепады высот обусловливают разнообразие климатических условий.
Несмотря на то, что Армения расположена на широте субтропической зоны, субтропический климат наблюдается только в южной части Армении (в районе города Мегри). В остальных районах климат высокогорный, континентальный — лето жаркое, а зима холодная. На равнинах средняя температура января −5 °C, июля +25 °C; в среднегорьях (1000—1500 метров) −10 °C и +20 °C, на высотах от 1500 до 2000 м. −14 и +16 соответственно. Минимальное количество осадков в Араратской долине — 200—250 мм в год, в среднегорье — 500 мм, а в высокогорье — 700—900 мм.
Holidays and memorial days
In accordance with the 18th article of the RA Law "On holidays and memorial days in the Republic of Armenia" and the the RA Government decree 882-N dated 23.06.2005, the second Saturday of October is celebrated as Yerevan day.
In accordance with the RA Law "On holidays and memorial days" the following holidays and memorial days are celebrated in the Republic of Armenia.
• New Year and Christmas holidays – are celebrated from December 31st to January 6th. December 31th, January 1st, 2nd (New Year) and January 6th (Christmas and Epiphany) are not working days.
• Army Day is celebrated on January 28th, not working day
• Mother Tongue Day is observed on February 21st.
• Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8th – not working day.
• Maternity and Beauty Day is celebrated on April 7th.
• Labour day (May Day) is celebrated on May 1st, not working day.
• Land Defender’s Day –is celebrated on May 8th.
• Victory and Peace Day is celebrated on May 9th, not working day.
• The Republic Day is celebrated on May 28th, not working day.
• Children’s rights protection day is celebrated on June 1st.
• Constitution Day is celebrated on June 5th, not working day.
• Knowledge Day is celebrated on September 1st.
• Independence Day is celebrated on September 21st, not working day.
• Holy Translator’s Day is celebrated on the second Saturday of October
• St Vardanants Holiday – the day of mercy and national homage is celebrated on Thursday, 8 weeks before Easter.
• Holy Etchmiadzin Holiday is celebrated on Sunday, 64 days after Easter.
• Memorial day after Christmas and Epiphany Day is on January 7th, not working day.
• Commemoration day of victims of violence held in Azerbaijan SSR and of protection of the rights of banished Armenian people is commemorated on February 28th.
• Genocide Victims' Commemoration Day is on April 24th – not working day.
• Earthquake Victims' Commemoration Day is on December 24th.
• According to the 18th article of the RA Law «On holidays and memorial days» traditional and religious holidays can be celebrated in Armenia, and by the Government decrees are celebrated professional holidays and memorial days. According to the RA Government decisions, the following professional holidays and memorial days are celebrated in the Republic of Armenia.
• Memorial Day of Repressed People is on June 14th.
• Memorial Day of the victims of the events of October 27, 1999 is on October 27th.
• Missing freedom fighters Memorial Day is on June 14th.
• International Day of Human Rights is on December 10th.
• Meteorologists Day is on March 23th.
• Geologists Day is on the first Sunday of April.
• Ecologists Day is on June 5th.
• Builders and geodesists Day is on June 30th.
• Miners and metallurgists Day is on the second Sunday of July.
• National Security employees Day is on December 20th.
• National Anti-Tobacco Day is on October 12th.
• Astrology Day is on September 18th.
• Civil Aviation Day is on September 30th.
• Donors’ Day is on January 8th.
• Teachers’ Day is on the first Sunday of October.
• Police Day is on April 16th.
• Border-guards Day is on April 26th.
• Medical workers Day is on June 21st.
• Prosecutors’ Office employees Day is on July 1st.
• Librarians Day is on November 7th.
• Armenian Press Day is on October 16th.
The Government law on holidays and memorial days gives opportunity to change working days.
According to the 20th article of the Law, the citizens belonging to the RA national minorities can celebrate their national holidays if they don't contradict the RA legislation.
Armenian cuisine belongs to the family of Caucasian cuisines, and has strong ties with Turkish cuisine, Georgian cuisine, Persian cuisine, and Levantine cuisine. Historically, there have been mutual influences with all of the above-listed cuisines, though the exact nature of the influences is nebulous due to the dearth of research, political and nationalistic tensions, and the close co-habitation of the Armenian, Turkish, and Iranian people during the past seven centuries.
Armenian cuisine includes the foods and cooking techniques of the Armenian people, the Armenian Diaspora and traditional Armenian foods and dishes. The cuisine reflects the history and geography where Armenians have lived as well as incorporating outside influences. The cuisine also reflects the traditional crops and animals grown and raised in areas populated by Armenians. Lamb, eggplant, and bread (lavash) are basic features of Armenian cuisine.
101 – Fire service
102 – Police
103 – Ambulance
104 – Natural gas emergency service
112 – Emergency Department
109, 113 – Information service